*U.S.COUGAR 6X6 MRAP VEHICLE
제조사:미 General Dynamics Land Systems
사용국가:미육군,공군,해군 및 해병대,영국,캐나다(예정)
탑승인원:승무원 2명 포함 총 10명
2004년 미해병에 의하면 Cougar에 대한 300번의 급조폭탄 공격에도 해병 사망자가 없었음이 보고 되었음
*쿠거는 지뢰 방어 차량으로 Force Protection 주식회사에서 개발한 차량임.
이 차량은 4X4, 6X6 구동형식으로 만들어졌으며, 2002년부터 수천대가 미국군에서 사용되고 있으며 캐나다, 이라크, 이태리, 폴란드, 영국에서도 사용??
영국군는 쿠거 초기 버전을 다목적 차량으로 사용하여 왔으며, 영국에서 경쟁 차량인 RG-33을 제치고 채택되었다.
쿠거는 직접 사격, 지뢰, 사제폭탄, 휴대용 대전차 로켓탄 등에도 파괴되지 않는 장갑을 가졌다.
4X4 구동형식을 카테고리 1형으로 6X6 형식을 카테고리 2로 나눌 수 있으며,
V자 모양의 하체는 엔진룸까지 보호하게 제작??
이 디자인은 7.62mm 나토 탄환을 방어하고자 만들어졌으며, 업그레이드 되어 12.7mm의 장갑탄도 방어 가능하다. NBC 방어시스템덕택으로 300번의 사제폭탄 공격에도 치명적 인명 피해 없었다고 보고??
쿠거는 차체 상단에 7.62mm 기관총을 탑재하고 있으며 원격조정 무기를 탑재할 수 있고,
양쪽과 뒤쪽에 문이 있으며 위쪽에 헤치를 가지고 있다. 차내에서 외부로 총을 사격할 수 있는 총구를 가진 차량도 있다.
C7 디젤엔진에 의해 330마력의 출력이며, C-17 수송기에 의해 수송 가능하다.
문헌참조 www.military-today.com: IN 2004 the USMC reported that no troops have died in more than 300 IED attacks on Cougars
|Dimensions and weight
|Caterpillar C7 diesel
|Maximum road speed
|over 105 km/h
|~ 0.5 m
|~ 0.5 m
The Cougar is a mine resistant ambush protected vehicle, developed by Force Protection Inc. It is available in 4x4 and 6x6 configurations. Vehicle is produced since 2002. Several thousands of these vehicles are in service with the US Armed Forces. Other operators of the Cougar MRAP and it's variants are Canada, Iraq, Italy, Poland and the United Kingdom.
The British Army has operated an early version of the Cougar as the Tempest MPV. The Cougar MRAP won competition against the RG-33 in the UK.
The Cougar MRAP provides protection against direct fire, mines, IEDs and RPG rounds. The 4x4 variant is a Category 1 and 6x6 variant - Category 2 vehicle. The Cougar MRAP has a V-shaped hull, that extends to the engine bay. Such design is intended to direct the blast away from the vehicle. All-round protection is against 7.62-mm NATO rounds, however significant ballistic upgrades are available, upon 12.7-mm armor-piercing rounds. NBC protection system is offered as an option. It is worth mentioning that in 2004 US Marine Corps reported that no troops had died in more than 300 IED attacks on Cougars.
These mine resistant vehicles are armed with roof mounted 7.62-mm machine guns. The Cougar MRAP can be also fitted with remotely controlled weapon station. Both 4x4 and 6x6 variants are fitted with two side, one rear door and roof hatch. Some vehicles are provided with firing ports for the occupants.
Both 4x4 and 6x6 variants are powered by the same Caterpillar C7 diesel engine, developing 330 hp. Vehicles are fitted with run-flat tyres. The Cougar MRAP can be airlifted by the C-17 transport aircraft.
문헌참조 en.wikipedia.org:Technical Solutions Group was a defence company in the US which was involved in a range of products, including mine-resistant vehicles based on South African designs. A few vehicles were sold to the US Army for evaluation, and a small fleet of heavily protected vehicles were sold to the British Army in 2001. Technical Solutions was purchased in 2002 by Sonic Jet and the combined company renamed itself Force Protection Inc in 2004.
In 2004, the new Cougar was designed by a small British-led team in the US at Force Protection, Inc., in response to an urgent requirement by the US Marine Corps. Contrary to common belief, this was not a South African vehicle but rather a new design, developed in the US, based on an evolution of vehicle mine-protection technology used by the South African Army and Rhodesian Security Forces since the 1970s. The very first sketches of the new vehicle were made in late March 2004 in response to those initial USMC inquiries. The rapid development and production that followed was based upon the USMC request that the first vehicle be delivered within 6 months of an order - which was subsequently placed in mid-April 2004 for 27 units.
The new design was called Cougar to provide a degree of continuity with the older designs, but had little in common with them. The former vehicles were almost entirely non-compliant with NATO standards for protection, human factors and safety, which made those designs obsolete. The Cougar was effectively a totally new vehicle which incorporated the latest US-made enhancements, a new hull design and structure, as well as built-in growth potential, including dimensions that allowed for the addition of the latest armor and protection systems.
The first vehicle was never trialed before leaving the factory beyond doing some circuits of the company campus and trundling over a few rocks. Urgent operational requirements dictated that the first unit be shipped to theater as fast as possible and those involved in the project decided that the risk of doing so was outweighed by the advantages of having the vehicle available. The operational record of the Cougar validates that decision. It was fully trialed when it became part of the MRAP program.
The first Cougars were called HEV (hardened engineer vehicle), which became JERRV when the Army joined the program, and then MRAP for political reasons when the requirement for many thousands of units was issued.
Some 4,000 of these vehicles were fielded under the US military's MRAP (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected) and other vehicle programs. US Defense secretary Robert Gates demanded that the vehicles be ordered in larger numbers after the Marines reported in 2004 that no troops had died in more than 300 IED attacks on Cougars. Since then, Cougar vehicles have been hit by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) many times in Iraq with few fatalities. Britain chose the Cougar over the RG-31 Nyala for their "Mastiff" APV.